Saturn, the jewel of the solar system is the sixth planet from the sun. It is the second largest planet and can be seen with a naked eye. The beautiful rings that surrounds the planet gives it a ‘royal’ touch. And there are a lot of interesting facts about this planet that one will be amazed to know. We present 19 such facts here:
1. The Flattest Planet:
Saturn is the flattest planet in the solar system. The reason is that it’s polar diameter is smaller than it’s equatorial diameter by about 10%.
2. The Least Dense Planet:
It is the least dense planet in the solar system. It’s density is 0.687 gram per cubic centimetre. Thus it’s density is less than even water.
3. A Very Bright Planet Indeed:
Saturn is one of the five brightest planets in the solar system and thus is visible to the naked eye. It is the farthest planet visible without any aid. Well, you can also see Saturn. All you have to do is to search a bit about the next Saturn can be seen with a naked eye on any search engine. All the best!
4. Moons On Saturn:
Saturn has a total of 62 confirmed moons and many more moons are known to exist. Yes! Sixty-two! Though it has less confirmed moons than Jupiter, which has 67 confirmed moons. Some of its moons are Titan, Enceladus, Mimas, Lapetus and Dione.
5. Titan: Biggest Moon Of Saturn:
Titan, the biggest moon of Saturn is the only moon known to have an atmosphere. It is the only moon in the solar system with a planet-like atmosphere and thus it is also known as the planet-like moon. It is also the only object other than earth which is known to have stable liquid on it’s surface which has led to a big question whether there is life or not on Titan.
6. The Shiniest Object In The Solar System:
Enceladus, one of the moons of Saturn is one of the shiniest things in the solar system with a diameter of about 314 miles. It has a surface mostly covered with ice and thus it reflects almost all sunlight incident to it.
7. Life On Enceladus? :
Enceladus probably has a liquid water ocean beneath it’s crust which means possibly there could be alien life on Enceladus. This is one of the intriguing as well as interesting facts about Saturn.
8. The Ringed Planet:
The rings of Saturn are the biggest and brightest in the solar system.They were first observed by Galileo Galilie in 1610 with the help of a telescope. It looks like it has seven large groups of rings though the exact number of rings is not known yet.
9. Vanishing Of Rings:
Saturn’s rings can get vanished. Yes it is a periodical phenomenon and happens once in every 14-15 years. As Saturn goes orbiting around the sun, it turns its rings edge-on to Earth periodically. The rings being thin, when viewed through a small telescope, they can completely disappear. This phenomenon is termed as ‘ring plane crossing’.
10. Will Saturn Lose It’s Rings? :
Scientists believe that maybe Saturn will lose all it’s rings in the distant future. Either Saturn will pull the rings into the planet due to it’s gravitational pull or else they may get scattered into space. Though it will take 50 million years to happen, it is possible.
11. The Huge Planet:
Though Saturn is the second largest planet in the solar system after Jupiter, it is large enough to house more than 750 earths inside it. Saturn’s diameter, which is 120,536km, is about 9.5 times the diameter of earth, after all and it’s volume is about 764 times the earth’s volume. This is surely one of the interesting facts about Saturn.
12. A Year On Saturn:
It takes Saturn 10,700+ days to complete one rotation around the sun and thus, a year on Saturn is almost equal to 29.4 Earth years. That means, an average person on Earth does not live for even 3 Saturn years.
13. A Day On Saturn:
The length of a day on Saturn is estimated to be about 10.5 hours though it is not known exactly. It’s day is shorter than a day on Earth as it rotates faster than Earth.
14. The Naming Of Saturn:
Saturn is named after the god Saturnus. Saturnus is the Roman god of Agriculture and Harvest. He was also the father of Jupiter, Juno and others.
15. Guests From Earth:
Till date, Saturn has been visited by four spacecrafts. The first spacecraft to visit Saturn was Pioneer 11 in 1979 followed by Voyager 1 in 1980, Voyager 2 in 1981 and the most recent Cassini in 2004.
16. A Cool Planet:
The average temperature of Saturn is minus 178 degree Celsius. It’s a pretty cool planet, for sure!
17. The Gas Giant:
Saturn is made up of mostly hydrogen(96%) and helium(3%), and thus is known as a gas giant. Saturn and Jupiter are the gas giants in our solar system.
18. Seasons On Saturn:
On Saturn, a season can last for 7 years. Saturn takes almost 29.4 years to orbit the sun and thus, the seasons on the planet last much longer than Earth’s.
19. Storms On Saturn:
Saturn’s storms are enormous when compared to those on Earth. But the hexagon-shaped storms at it’s northern pole has been a mystery for a longest time. It has a storm at it’s center and it’s width is about 32,000 kms.
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